How to write up results in a research paper

If it is important to highlight a particular finding, you will have an opportunity to emphasize its significance in the discussion section. Burns N, Grove SK. Evaluating the medical literature Part I: Interpretation of your results includes discussing how your results modify and fit in with what we previously understood about the problem.

You select those descriptive and inferential statistics you wish to use, and place them in the order that seems reasonable to you. Bibliography Definition The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information.

Any unsettled points in results? This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.

An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. Essaytagger bluetooth receiver tv in modern life essay. Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.

How to Write the Results Section of A Research Paper

In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods.

Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. As you become more skilled writing research papers, you may want to meld the results of your study with a discussion of its implications.

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Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: The Results

Look forward Implications for patient care, or for theory Suggestions for future research "If I had to do it over I would Document them and then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. For some studies, age may be an important factor.

The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. A template for writing a scientific paper. Evaluating the medical literature Part II: When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment.

In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. The lid was then raised slightly. Were adverse effects reported?

The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. SAGE Publications, pp. Do not include specific calculations used to determine the statistic.

Writing a Results Section

Have knowledgeable colleagues critique your paper. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc.

Conclusion Beware inappropriate conclusions beyond the range of the data, beyond the design of the study Abstract Contains all sections of paper Introduction with clinical importance and a key reference or two Methods in pertinent detail Results of testing the main hypothesis and most significant other results only Discussion a sentence or two on main implications or conclusion Structured abstracts See current abstracts in Anesth Analg or Anesthesiology?

Use the past tense. For example, "A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings.

Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Keep careful notes on procedures used during the experiment. In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods.

Help in write a research paper up results

Tables and figures should help the reader visualize the important results, but not carry the bulk of the work in the presentation of your findings. Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information.

This is particularly important if, for example, there are many results to report, the findings are complicated or unanticipated, or they are impactful or actionable in some way [i.

End each statistical test with a sentence or two indicating what that particular statistical result says about the hypothesis or question.A Strategy for Writing Up Research Results [Table of Contents] [ PDF Version] | Get Organized | Literature Before starting to write the paper, take the time to think about and develop a list of points to be made in the paper.

E. Write the Results Section. Learning to write them well, especially the Results and Discussion section, sometimes called Findings or simply Results, be stepped up. The fi nding indicates that the frequency of Reporting Research Findings Conclusion.

Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this format allows the paper to be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations Things to consider as you write your Results section.

A good strategy is to always re-read the background section of your paper after you have written up your results to ensure that the reader has enough context to understand the results [and, later, how you interpreted the results in the discussion section of your paper].

G. Write the Abstract and Title: The Abstract is always the last section written because it is a concise summary of the entire paper and should include a clear statement of your aims, a brief description of the methods, the key findings, and your interpretation of the key results.

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How to write up results in a research paper
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